具有杰出能力人才的非移民类签证— O-1签证

O-1签证是为具有杰出能力的人才颁发的非移民类签证。所谓非移民类签证,是短期在美国工作工作而非申请永久居住权的移民类签证。杰出能力的申请人必须在科学,艺术,教育,商业,体育,或者电影电视艺术领域被认可具有国际或国内级别的非凡成就。

对比每年抽签的H-1B签证,O-1签证的优势是:

O-1签证形式:

O-1A: 适用于那些在科学,艺术,教育,商业,体育方面表现出非凡能力的申请人 O-1B: 适用于那些在电影或电视行业或艺术领域表现出非凡能力的申请人 O-2: 适用于O-1 艺术家和运动员的陪同人员,帮助其参与演艺和特殊活动。 O-3:适用于O-1A和O-1B签证持有人的配偶和子女

衡量O-1签证申请人是否具备杰出能力,移民法规定了几项标准,作为评估申请人杰出能力的依据:

O-1A标准

  1. 获得普利策奖或奥运奖章(A major internationally recognized award, such as an Olympic medal or a Pulitzer Prize)
  2. 如果没有普利策奖或奥运奖章,满足以下三项:
    • 获得国内级别认可的卓越奖项(Received a nationally recognized prize or award for excellence)
    • 在其领域高度杰出的组织和协会担任会员(Membership in associations that require outstanding achievements of their members in a particular field of expertise)
    • 在其领域评判其他人的工作(Participated, on a panel or individually, as a judge of the work of others in your field)
    • 主要的媒体报道过申请人在其领域的工作和贡献(Published material in professional or major trade publications or major media regarding you and your work)
    • 在科学,学术,或商业领域做出了原创性的重大贡献(Made an original scientific, scholarly, or business-related contribution of major significance to the field)
    • 发表学术文章(Authored scholarly articles in professional journals or major media)
    • 曾经在知名的公司或机构中担任要职(Has been previously employed in a critical or essential capacity for an organization with a distinguished reputation),
    • 在同行业中获得高薪(Command or have commanded a high salary or other outstanding remuneration for your services)


O-1B标准:

  1. 获得一次性奖项,例如奥斯卡,格莱美 (Have received significant national or international awards or prizes in the particular field, such as an Emmy, Grammy, Oscar)
  2. 如果没有上述的一次性奖项,需要满足以下3项:
    • 曾经参与具有声誉的制作或活动(Has performed services as a lead or starring participant in productions or events with distinguished reputations as shown by critical reviews, ads, publicity releases, publications, contract or endorsements)
    • 获得国家或国际认可的成就(National or international recognition for achievements through critical reviews, other published materials by or about the beneficiary in major trade papers, trade journals, magazines, and so forth)
    • 在具有杰出声誉的组织和机构中担任重要角色(Has performed in a lead, starring or critical role for organizations and establishments that have a distinguished reputation evidenced by media articles, testimonials, and similar write-ups)
    • 受益人拥有重大商业或好评的成就(Has a record of major commercial or critically acclaimed success)
    • 成就已取得组织,评论家,政府机构或该领域被公认的专家的认可(Has achieved significant recognition from organizations, critics, government agencies and recognized experts)
    • 在同行业中获得高薪(Has commanded or will command a high salary or other remuneration in comparison to others in the field)

 

由于O-1签证没有延期的最高限制,也就是说,如果受益人愿意,可以一直在美国工作。对于没有税务顾虑的 受益人,也可以随时通过EB-1A类别申请绿卡。绿卡持有人被美国税法要求缴纳全球收入,而持有非移民类签证的O-1受益人,只缴纳美国收入部分的税。

由于证明受益人满足O-1签证的几项标准,申请中的准备文件较多而复杂,需要专业律师的指导和建议相应策略。欢迎联系Donoso & Partners LLC为您评估咨询。

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Donoso & Partners, LLC provide assistance with review and advice regarding eligibility for visas to the U.S. or Canada.

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